永和宫之翠玉白菜The jadeite cabbage of Yonghe Palace

永和宫位于东六宫,光绪大婚后为瑾妃居所,直至她于1924年9月24日去世止[1]。说起永和宫和瑾妃,少不了要提及翠玉白菜,台北故宫三宝之一。据说翠玉白菜为瑾妃的嫁妆,查遍资料,全无证据佐证。惟有清室善后委员会1925年发布的《故宫物品点查报告》证实翠玉白菜曾存在于永和宫屋内玉壶中而已[2]。台北国立故宫博物院展品说明称翠玉白菜发现时种在“海棠花形小琺瑯盆里“[3]

The Yonghe Palace is located in the east six palaces. After Guangxu’s wedding, it has been the residence of the Imperial Concubine Jin until her death on September 24,1924 [1]. When people talk about the Yonghe Palace and the Imperial Concubine Jin, it is necessary to mention the jadeite cabbage, one of the three treasures of the National Palace Museum in Taipei. It is said that the jadeite cabbage was a part of dowry of the Imperial Concubine Jin, unfortunately, there is no evidence to support it. Only “the Palace items auditing report” issued by the Caretaker Committee of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Family in 1925 confirmed that the jadeite cabbage had existed in a jade pot in the Yonghe Palace [2]. However, according to the introduction of the exhibits of the National Palace Museum in Taipei said that the jadeite cabbage was found “in a Begonia flower shaped enamel pot” [3].

翠玉白菜 (Jadeite Cabbage)
图片源自台北国立故宫博物院(image source: National Palace Museum, Taipei)
《故宫物品点查报告》
The Palace items auditing report

[1]故宫官网永和宫条:点击查看
[2]清室善后委员会,故宫物品点查报告(故宫丛刊之一),第二编第三册,第20页,1925年
[3]台北国立故宫博物院翡翠白菜说明介绍:点击查看

永和宫之压水机A hand press pump in the backyard of Yonghe Palace

永和宫后院的井亭非常别致,内置一架故宫内也不多见的铸铁压水机,上面铸有THE GOULDS M’F’G. CO. 的字样(The Goulds Manufacturing Company的缩写)。该公司原为纽约的一家水泵公司,始建于1848年。并于1869年起改名为The Goulds Manufacturing Company。该名称如今已经成为赛莱姆国际公司(Xylem Inc.)旗下的品牌。永和宫最后一次重修是在光绪十六年(1890年)[1],这架压水机很有可能是在此次修缮中安装的(有待确认)。仔细观看,水泵底座已经破碎,如果以1890年计,到今年(2019年)也才129岁。

井亭
The well pavilion
水压将
The hand press pump
制造商名称
The name of the manufacturer

The well pavilion in the backyard of Yonghe Palace is very unique. There is a cast-iron hand press pump in it. You can find the name of THE GOULDS M’F’G. CO. casted on the pump. ‪The manufacturer was originally a pump company in New York, started to use the name since 1869. It is now a brand owned by Xylem Inc‬. The palace was last restored in the 16th year of Guangxu (1890) [1], and it is likely that the press pump was installed during the renovation (to be confirmed) . Look carefully, you’ll find that the pump base has been broken. If you start counting in 1890, it will be 129 years old this year (2019).

注释notes:
[1] 故宫官网https://www.dpm.org.cn/explore/building/236518.html